Popular discourses on indigeneity and development argue that poor, colonized, and exploited indigenous people must be protected, their cultures preserved, and their rights enshrined in human rights legislation. Critiquing this notion, this book underscores that well-meaning indigenous rights and development claims and interventions may actually misrepresent and hurt the very people they intend to help.
In the Shadows of the State presents a fine study of indigenous practices, culture, and activism in Jharkhand. It argues that years of local, regional, and transnational activism led to the realization of the separate state of Jharkhand in 2000. However, the author contends, this activism unintentionally further marginalized the region???s poorest people.
Based on extensive ethnographic research spread over nearly a decade in the state, the book provides new perspectives on indigenous governance politics, local governance, development, anthropology of the state, culture, activism as well as the politics of conservation, and environmental and Maoist movements.
Has Dalit Theology reached an impasse since its early burst of creative energy in the late eighties and early nineties? Transcending the boundaries of academic disciplinarity, this volume underscores new directions and concerns of contemporary Dalit Theology.
The essays challenge the several stereotypical assumptions and re-examine the ways in which Dalit realities are imagined, interpreted, and circulated in different ecclesial communities across India. They advocate new frameworks and methodologies for understanding Dalit Theology and also raise subversive questions arising out of subaltern experiences.
The volume highlights how—despite its proud entry into the post-colonial, politically democratic, twenty-first century—India continues to straddle structural inequalities and functional hierarchies based on its age-old caste system. It also looks at various Dalit, movements that struggle against insidious forms of caste-, class-, ethnicity-, and religion-based violence and violation.
Contributors: Sathianathan Clarke – Geevarghese Mor Coorilos – Joseph Prabhakar Dayam – L. Jayachitra – Anderson H.M. Jeremiah – Lalruatkima – Deenabandhu Manchala – Monica Jyotsna Melanchthon – Prasuna Gnana Nelavala – Surekha Nelavala – Philip Vinod Peacock – Evangeline Anderson Rajkumar – Peniel Jesudason Rufus Rajkumar – Roja Singh – Y.T. Vinayaraj
The women's movement of the 1970s and the study of gender emerged together in India. Today, feminist scholars and activists continue to re-theorize gender as well as its relationship to Indian history. They also remain at the forefront of critiques of Eurocentric theorization and of understanding the effects of globalization on gender. This handbook showcases the best of feminist scholarship by bringing together the works of eminent scholars and practitioners from history, sociology, law, media, and gender studies over the last twenty years.
The thought-provoking essays: • explore key areas of debate in gender scholarship in historical and modern India; • examine gender in relation to politics, caste, postcoloniality, and globalization; and • present classic viewpoints vis-à-vis more contemporary ones. Focusing on diverse areas, including sexuality, masculinity, labour, media, and environment, this handbook traces the evolution of feminist scholarship and understanding in India. It also highlights the growth and diversification of the field with respect to significant socio-political changes and movements over the years.
Women's participation in the Maoist revolution in India and the subcontinent as a whole has become more pronounced in recent years. The literature available on the gendered politics of left-wing cultures and practices of violence is, however, somewhat limited. Remembering Revolution constitutes one of the first major studies of women's role and involvement in the late 1960s' radical Left Naxalbari movement of West Bengal, the birthplace of Indian Maoism.
Using the production of cultural memory as a central tool, middle-class women (and men) narrate their stories of 'being a Naxalite', of leaving homes and attempting to politicize the Indian peasantry, and of negotiating different types of violence. The book examines sexual as well as everyday interpersonal brutality as part of political violence, and how they are embedded in revolutionary movements. At a time when the face of international terrorism is increasingly female, this book raises pressing questions about women's participation in cultures of violence.
Based on extensive field data, and drawing from a unique body of party texts, fiction, poetry, film memoirs, activist writing, and women's personal testimonies, the book attempts to fill the gendered gap in Indian Maoist studies with its fresh focus on women's political identities and subjectivities.
The Indian economy is characterized by a vast informal sector dominated by self-employed as well as hired labour without any employment and/or social security. This book is about social security, or the lack of it, for the labouring poor in this country. It is a critical study of the workings of two flagship national social security schemes initiated by the Government of India the National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme and the Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana (the national health insurance scheme).
Fresh contributions made by senior scholars and researchers in the field, the essays provide rich data and analysis on social security schemes at work in five Indian statesAndhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Kerala, Odisha, and Punjab. They are the outcome of local level studies capturing the conditions and responses of the labouring poor in these states.
Some essays also assess the implementation of pension schemes for the aged, and cash benefits for single women and the handicapped introduced by the Central and state governments. The volume reveals the limitations of these schemes, both in terms of design and implementation in the current neoliberal setup in India. The studies combine macro- and micro-level as well as qualitative and quantitative data, which lend them a multidisciplinary quality.
Since the 1970s, the international disability rights movement, the United Nations and national governments across the world have attempted to ameliorate the status of the disabled population through a range of legislative and policy measures primarily in the areas of health, education, employment, accessible environments and social security. While the discourse in the disability sector in India has shifted from charity and welfare to human rights and entitlements, disability studies — as an interdisciplinary academic terrain that focuses on the contributions, experiences, history and culture of persons with disabilities — has not yet taken root.
This volume collates some of the most recent pioneering work on disability studies from across the country. The essays presented here engage with the concept of disability from a variety of disciplinary positions, sociocultural contexts and subjective experiences within the overarching framework of the Indian reality. The contributors — including some with disabilities themselves — provide a well-rounded perspective, in shifting focus from disability as a medical condition only needing clinical intervention to giving it due social and academic legitimacy.
This book presents the raging debate on one of the most brutal political realities that India has confronted in recent years: the rising conflict between Maoist insurgent groups and the Indian State. With some of the finest writings on the subject, it brings together articles and interviews from leading authors, politicians, journalists, intellectuals, filmmakers and legal practitioners.
The volume straddles between two apparently irreconcilable perspectives: (a) the view that the Maoist movement threatens the very core of democratic foundations, and should be perceived as a violent law & order situation justifying severe retaliatory measures, and (b) the counterview where Maoists are fiercely defended as revolutionaries and comrades of resistance, and the movement seen as the last-ditch struggle by those who have been abandoned over years by the State in its developmental process.
The essays probe whether armed struggle is avoidable, whether the desperate desire for peace has simply been overtaken by political ideologies, and whether an inclusive developmental State policy may help restore faith in its democratic ethos.
Across the world women constitute an integral part of the agricultural sector. This volume is based on feminist responses to farming women’s struggle for economic rights and social justice in Asia, and seeks to provide a greater understanding of the development consequences of women’s marginal, limited ownership rights to land and other productive assets. Using comprehensive analyses, quantitative and qualitative data, and case studies from India, China, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, and other countries of the Asia-Pacific region, this volume brings together scholars and activists engaged with women’s unmediated entitlement to and productive assets.
While generally taking a position in favour of asset redistribution, the volume addresses two major issues: first, the conflict between legal measures and socio-cultural norms, in a context where laws that seek to secure gender equality and women’s economic empowerment are often overruled by norms that favour men; and second, how changes in the global economy in relation to traditional farming practices have adversely impacted women’s rights, especially in regions where they previously enjoyed more customary rights in asset control and management. The book draws attention to issues of economic security, gender equitable access to resources and asset-building, human rights and law, land-based livelihoods, caste and ethnic diversity, and voices in the women’s movements.
Sociology at the University of Lucknow is a systematic, historical narrative on the processes of institutionalization of teaching and research in sociology. The book offers a case by case summation, analysis, and appraisal of the writings and contributions of Radhakamal Mukerjee (the founder), D.P. Mukerji, D.N. Majumdar (associates of Mukerjee), and A.K. Saran (the first scholar product of the department).
Some of these works were published a century ago and are not easily accessible to scholars and researchers today. The author, a former student and faculty at the University, provides personal insights and perceptions on the orientation and academic approaches of these four pioneers with a selection of their works. He pointedly and critically analyses conceptual and theoretic orientations as well as the substantive sociological concerns of each of the four sociologists. This volume introduces students and scholars to the rich legacy of sociology at the University of Lucknow.
- Systematic historical narrative on the institutionalization of teaching and research in sociology
- Includes author's personal insights on the academic approaches of the four pioneers of sociology
- Introduces students and scholars to the rich legacy of sociology at the University of Lucknow
Emerging Literatures from Northeast India is an amalgam of critical perceptions on writings emanating from the region on issues of identity construct, on hidden colonial burdens that refuse to leave and on the key role that oral traditions continue to play and will do so for some time in any study of the region.
Within the ambit of ‘emerging’ literatures, this book takes into consideration not only the new writings in English and the vernacular being generated from the region, but also the already existing works in the form of translations, thereby making such works accessible for the first time to the rest of the world. Moreover, the book, in critiquing and calling attention to the emerging literatures of the region, is also playing the larger role of providing access to and facilitating the opening up of the region through the academia.a